Types of lawyers in court 2023 (roles & behaviors)

This post covers the types of lawyers in court.

The more specific components of a lawyer’s profession are determined by his or her area of practice and position.

Despite the fact that all lawyers are permitted to represent clients in court, certain lawyers appear in court more frequently than others and they are commonly referred to as ‘trial lawyers’.

Here you will learn about different types of lawyers in court based on the side they take, their area of practice, and their personal traits.

let’s get started

Types of lawyers in court

The following are the types of lawyers in court.

Civil litigation lawyers

Civil litigation lawyers specialize in representing plaintiffs and defendants in civil cases.

Litigation lawyers’ main job is to represent their clients in court in all types of civil disputes.

Civil, tax, commercial, probate, financial services/regulatory, criminal, marital and divorce, construction, intellectual property, insolvency and bankruptcy lawyers, personal injury, shipping, and insurance litigation are among the various types of litigation. Some huge multinational corporations and financial institutions even employ in-house litigation experts.

They oversee the whole litigation process, from inquiry, pleadings, and discovery to pre-trial, trial, settlement, and appeal.

When acting for a plaintiff’s case, litigation attorneys

  • perform an initial case inquiry to see if there is enough evidence to file a lawsuit.
  • engage in pre-litigation settlement discussions to attempt to resolve the matter before a lawsuit is filed.
  • Prepare all necessary pleadings
  • Appear in a court session on behalf of the plaintiff
  • lead the plaintiffs and witnesses to adduce their evidence
  • etc.

When acting for a defendant’s case, litigation attorneys

  • determine whether there is evidence available to defend his client
  • engage in pre-litigation settlement discussions to attempt to resolve the matter out of court
  • Prepare necessary pleadings
  • Conduct cross-examination to destroy the plaintiff’s case.
  • Lead his client and witness to adduce his evidence
  • etc.

See: procedures in civil cases

Prosecuting criminal lawyers

A prosecuting attorney is a lawyer chosen or elected by local government officials to represent the state in criminal cases brought in a court district or designated county.

The prosecuting attorneys are in charge of

  • presenting the case against people suspected of breaking the law
  • initiating and directing further criminal investigations
  • deciding what criminal charges to file
  • guiding and recommending sentences for offenders
  • They are the only attorney allowed to speak before a grand jury.

The attorney has the authority to investigate people, provide immunity to witnesses and alleged criminals, and negotiate plea bargains with defendants in the course of their duties.

Prosecutors might be appointed by the jurisdiction’s chief executive or elected by local residents under the current system.

District attorneys, public prosecutors, and state attorneys are all terms used to describe prosecuting attorneys.

Defense criminal lawyers

Defense criminal lawyers represent someone suspected of committing a crime.

Their task is to demonstrate that the evidence presented in court is insufficient to establish their client’s innocence beyond a reasonable doubt.

They are defendants in a state adversary case, and they will do all possible to ensure their client’s freedom and demonstrate their innocence.

Criminal defense attorneys may also work with prosecutors to reduce charges against their clients, secure bail for the defendant’s release from detention pending trial, recommend appropriate penalties when a plea agreement is struck, give defendants legal advice, and represent them at their trials.

Criminal defense lawyers must be well-versed in criminal law, legal procedures, trial procedures, constitutional rights, and evidentiary requirements.

See also: Types of criminal lawyers (Major & Minor)

Serious lawyers in court

Serious lawyers in court Cultivate a serious mentality at work and they are seemed to be more professional.

In moments when they need to act, they act seriously, including their body language, maintain a serious expression, and interact with others in court in a serious fashion.

They make an attempt to appear concentrated and driven when engaging with the judge, while also making an effort to lighten up from time to time so that they are not mistaken for impolite.

Funny Lawyers in court

Attorney: “I have some good news and some bad news.”

Accused: “What’s the bad news?”

Attorney:  “The bad news is, your blood is all over the crime scene, and the DNA tests prove you did it.”

Accused: “What’s the good news?”

Attorney:  “Your cholesterol is 130.”

These are lawyers who are effortless and naturally funny.

When engaging with court and colleagues they always pick up something funny to break the ice.

Complex lawyers in court

These lawyers tend to be more complicated.

They turn small hills into big mountains.

While presenting to the court, they are very reluctant at relating very complex and complicated ideas to clients in a layman’s vernacular.

They are overly cautious. Of course, the law is frequently unpredictable, and no lawyer can predict with certainty what the outcome of your case will be, no matter how plain and “easy” you believe your case would be.

Their goal is to be thorough, therefore they consider every situation (even the most improbable) in order to be prepared and account for every potential disadvantage or setback in court.

Punctual lawyers in court

These lawyers always do their homework.

They not only arrive early in court but also arrive prepared dressing professionally and conservatively.

When engaging with the court, he speaks with confidence and authority.

They use logic, analogy, and references to back up their ideas.

They are very useful not only to their clients but also to the whole justice administration system

Firefighters lawyers

You can also call them last minutes lawyers.

These lawyers do not prepare in advance.

They are always fumbling around with paperwork in court.

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Isack Kimaro
Isack Kimaro

Editor-in-chief and founder of sherianajamii.com. Holder of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) and Post Graduate Diploma in Legal Practice. Lawyer by profession and blogger by passion